Kilonova emission spectrum
This graphic presentation compares the spectral data of GRB 230307A’s kilonova as observed by the James Webb Space Telescope and a kilonova model. Both show a distinct peak in the region of the spectrum associated with tellurium, with the area shaded in red. The detection of tellurium, which is rarer than platinum on Earth, marks Webb’s first direct look at an individual heavy element from a kilonova.
Though astronomers have theorised neutron star mergers to be the ideal environment to create chemical elements, including some that are essential to life, these explosive events—known as kilonovas—are rare and rapid. Webb’s NIRSpec (Near-Infrared Spectrograph) acquired a spectrum of GRB 230307A’s kilonova, helping scientists secure evidence of the synthesis of heavy elements from neutron star mergers.
With Webb’s extraordinary ability to look further into space than ever before, astronomers expect to find even more kilonovas and acquire further evidence of heavy element creation.
[Image description: The spectrum is plotted as a line graph of brightness versus wavelength of light (microns). The spectral lines range in wavelength of light along the x-axis, with the first tic labelled as “1.0” and the last tic labelled as “5.0,” and in brightness, with the level of brightness becoming greater moving higher along the y-axis. The Webb spectral line is white and jagged. About a third of the way across the graph, there is a distinct peak between 2.0 and 2.5 microns. After 2.5 microns, the spectral line slopes gradually up to the right. The model spectral line is red and smoother than the Webb data. The model’s spectral line at 1.0 micron begins low (dim) and flat before peaking between 2.0 and 2.5 microns, similar to the Webb data. The area below the model spectral line is shaded red and labelled “Tellurium T E.” The model spectral line then descends after 2.5 microns and follows the general trend of the Webb data.]Credit:
NASA, ESA, CSA, J. Olmsted (STScI)
About the Image
|Release date:||25 October 2023, 17:00|
|Size:||3841 x 2160 px|